United Nations General Assembly (UNGA)
Chaired by Ms. Petra Porubčanová
All resolutions passed in the committees except for expert committees will be brought on and discussed in the general assembly. Main submitters and their sponsors will be asked to introduce the resolutions and will have to answer questions from the present delegates. Adverse effects and possible flaws of resolutions will be presented by opposing speeches. After consideration of the most important factors in the specific problems the resolutions adress, vote will be held. Each delegation present in the general assembly will have one vote. In order to pass the resolution through the general assembly a simple majority of delegations have to vote in its favour.
The Israeli-Palestinian Conflict
The Israeli-Palestinian conflict is an on-going complex issue with each side trying to attain legitimacy and territory for themselves. Violations of human rights and the Fourth Geneva Convention, the increase of violent attacks, and the lack of trust between the Israeli government and the Palestinian Authority, the Palestinian Liberation Organization, Fatah and Hamas are all problems in dire need of attention from the UN Security Council. With the Trump Administration’s recent decision to recognize the divided Jerusalem as the capital of Israel and the bloody protests in conflict zones such as the Gaza Strip, this Middle-Eastern struggle has become even more complex. People need their governments to come to the negotiation table, compromise and finally broker a peace deal that will last. The Security Council of BratMUN 2018 will aspire to make progress on this issue and strive to improve the lives of people living in the Israeli-Palestinian region.
Disarmament and International Security Committee (DISEC)
Regulation of chemical and biological weapons
The discussion surrounding regulation of chemical and biological weapons has been one existing for many decades; in fact for over a century. The most concerning issue surrounding biochemical weaponry is the frightening amount of threat they have in achieving mass destruction and damage to many nations and civilians. Since World War I, chemical weapons have caused more than one million casualties globally. This number has recently seen a surge especially due to the use of them in the Syrian Arab Republic for hostile purposes. It has been estimated that ever since the beginning of the conflict in Syrian Arab Republic, approximately 1,500 civilians died due to biochemical weaponry. The case of Syria and its conflict underlines the lack of regulation which is still present to this day regarding the control of chemical and biological weapons. The Disarmament and International Security Committee of BratMUN 2018 will aim to make progress regarding the regulation of chemical and biological weapons in hopes of protecting civilians and nations worldwide from the threat of biochemical weaponry use.
Empowerment of Women in the Workplace
Female labour force participation has gradually increased over the past decades, intrinsically leading to the breaking of stereotypes and traditional view on female labour. However, in most countries around the world, the desired equality between men and women in terms of equal opportunity and non-discrimination, education and training, community leadership and health and safety in the workplace has not been reached by far. Instead, female workforce is oftentimes unappreciated and underestimated. Thus, the main concern of UN Women Committee 2018 is to discuss the implementation of policies empowering women in their workplace.
Setting Policy Conditions for IMF Loans
Created at the Bretton Woods conference at the end of World War 2, the International Monetary Fund is a multilateral organization tasked with providing emergency loans to countries in economic crises in order to stabilize the global financial system. To be eligible for loans, countries must agree to enact economic reforms dictated by the IMF. These typically stem from the "Washington consensus" - a set of neo–liberal policies such as austerity (cutting government expenditures), privatization, and elimination of subsidies. While these policies are supposed to ensure that countries will be able to repay borrowed funds, they are often criticized for stifling economic activity and disproportionately harming citizens through shortages or price fluctuations. It will be up to the delegates at BratMUN 2018 to decide which economic and political conditions the IMF should impose on borrowers. Is austerity required to curb undisciplined spending, or should countries use deficit financing to counter severe depressions?
Regulation of Cryptocurrencies
Cryptocurrencies are an issue of global debate. Throughout the recent years, their increasing values have significantly affected economic markets. No directives concerning virtual currencies had been put in place until recently when various countries, including China, issued regulations on a national scale. The issuance of such laws affects the nature and value of cryptocurrencies and hence the national economy. The BratMUN 2018 Economic and Financial committee will aim at putting forward a plan on a further dealing with the problem of cryptocurrencies.
Solving Climate Change Through Nuclear Energy
Climate change is an imminent threat that is also increasingly discussed at the international level. The production and use of our current energy sources, such as oil and gas, is not sustainable, largely harms our environment, and contributes to climate change. Countries are thus turning to alternative energy sources, with some preferring nuclear energy, and others being more in favour of renewable sources (solar, water, air, etc.) Nuclear energy is efficient, stable, has incredible future potential, and is less harmful to the environment than traditional energy sources. On the other hand, there are important disadvantages and risks that it inevitably bears; including hazardous waste, the ever-increasing costs, and large, but not endless, reserves. With all this in mind, what is the role of nuclear energy in the clean energy revolution, and what should be the primary goal of research in the field of nuclear energy?
Preventing Influx of Political Bias into Internet Media Outlets
In the past years, many cases of alleged censorships have arisen in court (e.g. PragerU vs. YouTube) as well as struck the news (e.g. the case of Nasim Najafi Aghdam). Many content creators, activists and public figures feel discredited in discussing world news. As humanity stands afront the discussion of net neutrality, how should news outlets, independent content creators and people in general ensure that their voice will be heard in the global information world? How will the United Nations stand to ensure that global citizens have access to all information and can shape their own opinions?