Committees

Committees

Bratislava Model United Nations (BratMUN) is a United Nations simulation annually taking place in Bratislava. Just as during any other MUN conference, secondary school students from all around the world are given the opportunity to serve as delegates for various countries and thus develop their skills of diplomacy and argumentation through discussion about issues of global significance.

Expert Committees

Security Council (SC)

Chaired by Ms. Chandani Mittal & Mr. Samuel Slovjak

Description

The Security Council is one for the six main bodies of the United Nations, established by the UN charter. Its primary concerns revolve around maintaining global peace and security. Security Council meetings take place whenever threats to peace are presented. The most powerful countries within the committee possess veto power. These countries are also known as the P5 countries by their permanent residence in the Security Council. The primary objective of the Security Council is to uphold peace, eradicate international conflicts, and direct UN peacekeeping missions.

Myanmar

Myanmar, also known as Burma, was long considered an outsider state while under the rule of an oppressive military government from 1962 to 2011. The generals who ran the country suppressed almost all opposition and stood accused of gross human rights violations, prompting international condemnation and sanctions. A gradual liberalization began in 2010, leading to free elections in 2015 and the election of a government led by veteran opposition leader Aung San Suu Kyi the following year. However, an army operation against alleged terrorists in Rakhine State since August 2017 has driven more than half a million Muslim Rohingyas to flee to neighboring Bangladesh, in what the United Nations called a "textbook example of ethnic cleansing". The UN panel is barred from entering Myanmar, but met with government and regional officials, UN agencies and humanitarian representatives in the region. From January to March 2018, at least 34 villages in Myanmar were completely or partially destroyed. More than 128,000 Muslims remain in detention camps in central Rakhine State, where they have been confined since 2012, arbitrarily deprived of their liberty. Council of BratMUN 2019 will aspire to make progress on this complex issue and strive to improve the lives of people living in Myanmar.

Historical Emergency Security Council (HESC)

Chaired by Mr. Jakub Andrej Filčák & Mr. Viktor Racskó

Description

The Security Council is one for the six main bodies of the United Nations, established by the UN charter. Its primary concerns revolve around maintaining global peace and security. Security Council meetings take place whenever threats to peace are presented. The most powerful countries within the committee possess veto power. These countries are also known as the P5 countries by their permanent residence in the Security Council. The primary objective of the Security Council is to uphold peace, eradicate international conflicts, and direct UN peacekeeping missions.

Sinai Peninsula

The events of the HESC will take place on the 6th of June, 1967, in and around the Sinai peninsula.

Although the scenario that you will be faced with will be based on historical events and realities, it will not strictly adhere to them, and you will be forced to adapt to new and unexpected developments in the presented crisis. As such, although you are unable to research the events you’ll be tackling, it is still highly advisable that you research the region background, and know all of the factors that lead up to the situation as it was at the beginning of June 1967.

International Court of Justice (ICJ)

Chaired by Ms. Natalie Bichler & Mr. Matej Sedlár

Description

The International Court of Justice, sometimes called the World Court is a judicial organ of the United Nations. Its primary functions are to settle any international disputes brought to the Court by any of the UN member states. The Court resolves a vast majority of the state-to-state disputes nowadays, as it is the only legitimate and worldwide-recognized organization of its kind.

Bosnian Genocide

The Bosnian genocide case was a case of Bosnia and Herzegovina vs. Serbia and Montenegro. This case, filed by Dr. Francis Boyle, and advisor to the former president Alija Izetbegović, blamed Serbia to have allegedly attempted to exterminate the Bosniak (Bosnian Muslim) population of Bosnia and Herzegovina. The case ended on the 9th of May in 2006 after being heard in the International Court of Justice in The Hague, Netherlands.

Standard Committees

Committee On Peaceful Use of Outer Space (COPUOS)

Chaired by Mr. Adam Lauko & Mr. Rio Matsui

Description

Established in 1959, the Committee On Peaceful Use of Outer Space governs exploration and use of space to the benefit of all. The Committee reviews international cooperation in the peaceful uses of outer space and studies space-related activities that could be undertaken by the United Nations. The Committee played a significant role in the creation of five treaties and five principles about the use of outer space, which were adopted by the General Assembly. Today, with rapidly evolving space technologies, it is the Committee’s role to monitor the development and discuss possible issues.

Human Rights Council (HRC)

Chaired by Mr. Dan Hlubocky & Mr. Filip Horváth

Description

The Human Rights Council is a subsidiary body of the United Nations, dealing with the promotion and reinforcement of human rights around the world, especially when there is a violation or lack of the aforementioned rights (some recent examples include Maduro’s Venezuela, the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict, and the revolution in Syria). Although they can only make recommendations to the offending country, they are still an important supervisor of all thematic human rights and issues, including:

  • Freedom of religion, expression, assembly, etc.
  • Women's rights
  • Rights of ethnic minorities
  • LGBT rights
The Council itself consists of 47 members, elected by the General Assembly on a regional basis, each serving 3-year terms. Our HRC, on the other hand, will include the offending party (Brunei), with a proportional number of advocates and opponents of their anti-LGBT laws, in order to give a fair experience for both sides and to create a dynamic discussion.

Establishment of Sharia Laws

Earlier this year, the country of Brunei has announced a series of Sharia laws, detailing a variety of crimes and punishments based in said religious law. Among these, the sultanate has outlawed homosexuality, citing stoning as punishment should one be convicted. This triggered international outrage, prompting international groups such as the UN, countries and celebrities to speak out. In May 2019, Brunei has announced that the Penal Code would not be fully enforced but the debate had been triggered.

International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)

Chaired by Ms. Rebeka Jirsáková & Mr. Joachim Strzelecki

Description

The International Atomic Energy Agency is an international organization promoting the peaceful use of nuclear energy and inhibiting its use for military purposes (such as developing nuclear weapons). IAEA also aims for scientific and technical cooperation in the nuclear field. By promoting the safe and peaceful uses of nuclear energy, the IAEA contributes to international security and peace and to the United Nations’ Sustainable Development Goals. Though it was established as an autonomous organization through its own treaty (the IAEA Statute), the IAEA retains close relations with both the General Assembly and the Security Council. It reports to both of them if needed (but is not controlled by them directly).

Nuclear Energy

In the last decade, there has been a lot of discussion regarding nuclear energy. The most frequently asked questions were: Are they still profitable? Aren’t renewable energy sources better? Are they safe? This committee will discuss closely all potential issues that might arise when producing nuclear energy. From mining Uranium ore, up until managing the radioactive waste.

There have been two major catastrophes connected to nuclear power plants. The first one in Chernobyl in 1986, exposed millions of people to potentially dangerous nuclear radiation. The other one was in 2011 in Fukushima, where a natural disaster showed just how fragile the protection of reactors was. Although the death rate associated with the production of nuclear energy is the smallest of all forms of energy production (0,07 deaths per 1TWh produced as compared to 32,72 deaths for brown coal), the public conscience remains the driving factor of all anti-nuclear movements. This committee wants to ensure that the events like this are less likely to happen, but even if they do, the world is prepared for such an occasion.

The final outcome of the 2019 BratMUN IAEA council would be to find ways and suggest measures that will help the world prepare for the future to come and decide how exactly will the future of production of nuclear energy look like.

World Health Organization (WHO)

Chaired by Ms. Laura Grobárová & Ms. Emma Štullerová

Description

Established on April 7, 1948, the World Health Organization is a specialized agency of the UN. It is mainly concerned with international public health and is a member of the United Nations Development Group. The constitution of the World Health Organization has already been signed by 61 countries worldwide. Some of its current priorities include communicable diseases, in particular HIV/AIDS, Ebola, malaria and tuberculosis; the mitigation of the effects of non-communicable diseases such as sexual and reproductive health, development, and aging; nutrition, food security and healthy eating; occupational health; substance abuse; and driving the development of reporting, publications, and networking.

Strengthening Global Resilience Against Malaria in Central Africa

For centuries, the world has been subjected to epidemics and outbreaks with often devastating consequences. In 1918, a pandemic of H1N1 influenza killed an estimated 50 million people. Today, a number of other communicable diseases continue to claim millions of lives. Recent outbreaks of malaria have shown that even sophisticated health systems in developed countries can be challenged by the appearance of new or emergent pathogens. Nearly half of the world’s population is at risk of malaria. In Central Africa, young children and pregnant women are particularly vulnerable to malaria infection and death. In fact, malaria is the leading cause of death in Central Africa. Since 2000, expanded access to WHO-recommended malaria prevention tools and strategies – including effective vector control and the use of preventive antimalarial drugs – has had a major impact in reducing the global burden of this disease.

Malaria surveillance is the continuous and systematic collection, analysis and interpretation of malaria-related data, and the use of that data in the planning, implementation, and evaluation of public health practice. Improved surveillance of malaria cases and deaths helps ministries of health determine which areas or population groups are most affected and enables countries to monitor changing disease patterns. Strong malaria surveillance systems also help countries design effective health interventions and evaluate the impact of their malaria control programs. WHO of BratMUN 2019 will aspire to make progress on this complex issue and strive to improve the lives of people living in Central Africa